How to Create a New Branch in GitHub

Working immediately in the principle department of a GitHub repository is a very harmful factor, as you stand the danger of pushing buggy code to manufacturing. To keep away from this, it’s best to create a department and work in that. Here’s how.

What’s a Branch, Anyway?

A department, at its most elementary, is a copy of a Git undertaking you could change as you want after which mix with the unique undertaking.

When you create a new repository in GitHub, there’s one department by default—the “main” department (previously called “master”). This, because the title implies, is the principle container the place your manufacturing code is saved. That is to say (in most instances, at the very least), in the event you push a change immediately to the principle department, you’re making a change immediately to the working product.

The drawback? If you push immediately to major, you run the danger of pushing buggy code to the manufacturing setting, probably inflicting critical points. That’s why you want to create a separate department to do your work in (after which later submit that department for review earlier than it’s merged into the principle department).

RELATED: How Writers Can Use GitHub to Store Their Work

Create a New Branch from the GitHub Website

You can create a new department immediately from the GitHub web site. First, open any browser, go to GitHub, after which open the repository that you simply’d like to create a department in.

Once you’ve accessed the repository, you’ll robotically be in the “Code” tab. A bit beneath this, click on the button that claims “Main.”

In the "Code" tab, click the button that says "Main."

A small window will seem. Give your department a title by typing it in the textual content field and urgent the Enter or Return key. Words needs to be separated by a sprint (-) or an underscore (_).

Type a branch name in the text box.

Your new department is now created.

Create a New Branch Using the Command Line

At first look, it might sound simpler to simply use GitHub from a browser, however when you get the dangle of working with GitHub by way of the command line, issues can get performed a lot faster. That being stated, you are able to do nearly something in GitHub with the command line—together with creating a new department.

But earlier than you begin, you’ll want to clone your chosen repository to your native machine. Go forward and try this now in the event you haven’t already.

Once that’s performed, open the command line app of your alternative. This might be Terminal (in the event you’re a Mac consumer) or Command Prompt (in the event you’re a Windows PC consumer), or you may even work from the built-in command line from a textual content editor, akin to VSCode.

Whichever app you employ, you’ll want to navigate to the folder of the repo that you simply cloned using the cd command. From the command line, run this command:

cd <file/path>

In our instance, that will appear like this:

Use the cd command to change to the directory of your repo folder.

Once you’re in the correct listing, you may then create a new department. Run this command:

git checkout -b <your-new-branch-name>

Replace <your-new-branch-name> with the precise title that you really want to give your department.

Run the command to create a new branch.

Your new department is now created, nevertheless it’s solely obtainable in your native machine. You’ll want to push it to the origin repository by operating this command:

git push origin <your-new-branch-name>

Again, substitute <your-new-branch-name> with the precise title of your department.

Run the command to push your branch to GitHub.

You’ve now pushed your new department to GitHub!

Working with branches is likely one of the fundamentals, nevertheless it’s additionally probably the most vital GitHub expertise to study. Keep working to grasp these fundamentals and also you’ll be properly in your manner to changing into fluent in GitHub in no time.

RELATED: What Is GitHub, and What Is It Used For?

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