Elizabeth Holmes’ Theranos trial: Here’s what to know about the hotly anticipated case


Elizabeth Holmes in a nonetheless from the documentary The Inventor: Out for Blood in Silicon Valley.


HBO; courtesy of Sundance Institute

Elizabeth Holmes, certainly one of the extra infamous figures in Silicon Valley lore of the previous decade, will lastly have an opportunity to defend herself in court docket in the coming weeks. The disgraced Theranos founder and CEO is charged with a number of counts of conspiracy and fraud over claims she made about the once-promising well being care startup and its purportedly revolutionary blood testing invention. Investigations revealed the expertise had critical issues. 

Jury choice in the trial is about to begin Aug. 31, with opening arguments on Sept. 8 in a federal court docket in San Jose, California. The courtroom drama has been over three years in the making, with Holmes initially charged in June 2018. The trial has been delayed a number of occasions by the COVID-19 pandemic and by the delivery of Holmes’ little one on July 10 of this yr. 

Here’s what to know about certainly one of the greatest trials of the decade thus far.

Table of Contents

What occurred to Holmes and Theranos?

In 2003, Holmes dropped out of Stanford University at 19 to discovered Theranos with the objective of disrupting the blood testing business. The firm mentioned it was growing proprietary expertise that required gathering a smaller quantity of blood than a traditional intravenous draw and was extra moveable than conventional assessments despatched off to a lab.

Theranos started to see extra mainstream consideration in 2013 when it signed up Walgreens and Safeway as potential prospects. At one level the startup was valued at greater than $9 billion.

Holmes started to seem on the cowl of varied publications, together with Fortune, generally drawing comparisons to Steve Jobs for her seeming powers of disruption and a penchant for high-necked black tops.

But the fortunes of each Holmes and Theranos started to change in 2015 when The Wall Street Journal took a deeper look into the firm. The Journal reported that solely a small portion of assessments had been being accomplished with the firm’s testing machine, named Edison, and that many assessments had been being accomplished on different firms’ machines, utilizing diluted blood samples. The accuracy of take a look at outcomes that sufferers acquired from Theranos was additionally known as into query.

All this led to the charges filed against Holmes in 2018, a settlement with the Securities and Exchange Commission, and the everlasting shuttering of Theranos shortly thereafter.

A 2019 documentary, a e-book known as Bad Blood: Secrets and Lies in a Silicon Valley Startup by Wall Street Journal reporter John Carreyrou and a number of podcasts about the firm’s precipitous fall helped convey mainstream consideration to the story.

Former Theranos worker and whistleblower Tyler Shultz spoke with CNET in 2020 about the entire saga.

What is Holmes charged with?

Holmes is formally charged with two counts of conspiracy to commit wire fraud and 10 counts of wire fraud.

“The charges stem from (Holmes’) allegedly deceptive representations about (Theranos) and its medical testing technology,” reads a statement from the US district court in Northern California

Essentially, Holmes is accused of mendacity to sufferers about how the firm’s blood testing labored and the way efficient the assessments had been. Some of the expenses additionally relate to Holmes allegedly deceptive traders about the inner workings at Theranos and the way a lot income the firm was anticipated to generate.

If convicted, Holmes could possibly be sentenced to up to 20 years in jail.

What is Holmes’ facet of the story?

Though Holmes denied that the allegations made by the Journal’s unique reporting had been true, she’s by no means instructed her facet of the story from that time on in depth.

“This is what happens when you work to change things,” Holmes mentioned on CNBC’s Mad Money in 2015. “First they think you’re crazy, then they fight you, and then all of the sudden you change the world.”

The 37-year-old reportedly pursued a e-book deal to get her story out. The e-book by no means materialized, however a widely acclaimed HBO documentary about the  Theranos collapse, The Inventor: Out for Blood in Silicon Valley by director Alex Gibney, got here out in 2019. It did not painting Holmes in a flattering gentle and she or he did not cooperate with the filmmakers, so her tackle the occasions of the previous half-decade largely stays a thriller.

One risk is that Holmes will argue she was following one thing like the Silicon Valley “fake it till you make it” ethos and that she at all times believed in the long-term potential of the firm and its expertise to finally ship on its guarantees.

According to The Wall Street Journal, Holmes’ legal professionals have mentioned she might argue that “she believed any alleged misrepresentations were true and accordingly that Theranos was a legitimate business generating value for investors.”

On Saturday, newly unsealed court filings suggested Holmes may search to defend herself by alleging she suffered psychological, sexual and emotional abuse at the palms of former Theranos President and onetime boyfriend Ramesh “Sunny” Balwani, and that due to submissiveness to him she believed allegedly fraudulent statements she made had been true. Lawyers for Balwani known as abuse allegations “outrageous.” One of the filings, by legal professionals for Holmes, mentioned she was probably to testify.

We’ll quickly see whether or not Holmes finally takes the stand to inform her facet of issues.

How can I watch the trial?

The trial formally begins Sept. 7, with opening arguments anticipated the following day. Judge Edward Davila is about to preside. There will not be a web-based feed of the trial, and tv cameras will not be allowed in the courtroom, so the finest approach to observe the case will probably be through reporters in the room taking notes the old school approach.

Balwani faces related expenses in a separate trial scheduled for subsequent yr.

Both Holmes and Balwani have pleaded not responsible.



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